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Geographical Location – Man has long tried to discover the world around him. Ancient Egyptians knew how to determine the number of days of the year, as they knew how to measure spaces. The Phoenicians developed their navigation skills. However, the first to give the world geographical information in detail were the Greeks, who remained the founders of geography.
Homer was the first greek geographer, and his epic (odyssey) included a geographical description of some places in the Mediterranean region and greeks who distinguished themselves in the Mediterranean region. he also described the earth as hiatus,
who represented the earth in his book the description of the earth, the location is an essential geographical concept, if not the most important, geography means location science, the relationship between different places, and spatial differences between them. By the end of the 18th-century ad, the site began to remain used as a concept.
Astronomical Geographical Location
one of the most important natural factors that impact the identification of any region in the world is geographical location, sometimes called fixed, astronomical. Or absolute place, and means geographical location. Site for longitudes and latitudes; if we want to know the geographical location of the world. We find that it remains between the longitude (16 west, 60 east) and the latitudes (2 south and 38 north). Longitudes and latitudes help us know exactly where the area is.
Geographical location is also significant to identify the civil. And urban centers on the ground, their impact on the high proportion of the population in cities. The urbanization process, agricultural production, quality in different regions, and the emergence of cities and civilizations.
However, the first to use the concept of economic geospatial location is French Elkin. It is an essential geo-economic concept, and this concept remained introduced by the Russian geographer Baranski in 1929. Baranski stated that the geographical, economic location remains the spatial relationship between a region and a group of financial elements outside and around this region.
Natural Geographical Location
the natural geographical location is the place’s location from a natural geographical point of view, such as topography. As there remains a range of biological factors affecting the natural geographical area, such as forms of the earth’s surface of mountains, plains, plateaus, water bodies, such as lakes, oceans, seas, as well as soil, the geological composition of the earth, climate, and natural plants, such as forests, desert plants, and grasses.
Longitude And Latitudes
When discussing geographical location, we need to speak of longitude and latitudes, painted in parallel circles with the equator around the globe. These circles gradually become a point at both the north and south poles, with a set of primary latitudes:equator: one of the most prominent viewing circles, so sunlight falls twice a year, vertically. Orbits: one is north, known as cancer, located at 23.5 degrees north; the other is south, known as the Capricorn orbit, located at 23.5 degrees south. And perpendicular once a year with sunlight. Polar circles are 66.5 degrees from the equator, one in the north and the other in the south.
They were opposing: two points located in the north and south of the earth, i.e., at the southern, northern. And southern axes of the planet, with a matter of 90 degrees north and south. as for longitude, they connect the poles: north and south, and these lines cut the equator vertically, and it is worth noting that longitude and latitudes have many advantages. Including precise locations on the globe, mapping. And they remained to tune, identifying directions needed by pilots, sailors, travelers, time recognition in different countries, and knowing the region’s location for the Greenwich line.