Introduction

Artificial Intelligence is associated with intelligence associated with digital or electronic devices such as computers, cellular devices, or robots. And artificial intelligence reflects the ability of these digital devices to perform tasks related to intelligent objects. Artificial intelligence applies to systems with human intellectual processes such as thinking, discovering meaning, and learning from past experiences. Due to artificial intelligence, examples of digital device processes include finding evidence of mathematical theories, chess, medical diagnosis, web search engines. And voice or handwriting recognition.

History of Artificial Intelligence

Back to classical philosophers in Greece, artificial intelligence began studying artificial intelligence in 1940 at a school of thought called communication, where it started to explore the thought process. Alan Turing presented a research paper examining a machine of reflection that imitates man without noticeable differences; in 1950, Hodgkin Huxley came after him to present a model that mimics the human brain in the form of an electrical network representing neurons.

An electrical current mimics the impulses that occupy or stop cells. These models and studies helped launch the concept of artificial intelligence in 1956 at a conference held by Dartmouth College. Due to the lack of high speeds and storage capacities, ai research was suspended for a long time and resumed in the 1980s after America and Britain presented a 5g computer technology project.

In the early 1990s, ai research transformed its field into a so-called competent agent, which remains used in news recovery services, online shopping, and web browsing, and researchers are still trying to use artificial intelligence in unprecedented areas such as robotics material assistance, customer service programs, phone answering and more. 0 seconds of 0 secondsVolume 0%

How Does Artificial Intelligence Works?

Artificial intelligence works in the digital environment through digital devices and specialized software to analyze and design algorithms and machine learning. In general, the ai system absorbs large amounts of training data. Training data remains used to configure links and patterns that remain later used to build future predictions, such as automated responses in intelligent robots and the process of identifying. And describing objects in images by reviewing millions of examples saved by the smart device.

Types of Artificial Intelligence

interactive machines (reactive machines)
interactive machines are defined as the most superficial level for the robot, as it is a machine designed to handle one type of data and respond only to current situations. They are machines that cannot create memories. Or use existing information to build and make future decisions to improve their level or develop their intelligence and remain only designed to respond to the current situation. Examples of interactive machines remain machines designed to play chess against humans, such as IBM’s Deep Blue, which response to player movements by evaluating and moving pieces on the chessboard according to their encrypted play strategies.

Limited Memory

a limited memory machine is a machine capable of storing a limited number of data-based information that the previously little memory machine has dealt with so that a finite memory machine can build knowledge through memory when combined with its pre-programmed data. Examples of devices that use limited memory include self-driving cars. So that these cars store pre-programmed data such as maps or traffic signs. Compare this stored data with information surrounding the vehicle such as; speed and directions of nearby vehicles and pedestrian traffic side by side and take appropriate action based on this data.

Theory of Mind

mind theory was used in the design of the famous robot Sofia. A robot capable of using the information to interact with situations in a human-like way. Which would teach the machine or robot how to behave in a different and new position.
The theory of reason in the development and design of robots that use conversational robots is based on the human mind based on human feelings. And ideas before making a decision, so that the robot of the theory of the mind Sofia speaks to humans. Using information and images in decision-making and response to humans, as well as showing dazzling facial expressions.

Self-Awareness

self-awareness devices are the ultimate goal of the existence of artificial intelligence, devices that do not currently exist.

These machines have an awareness of the human mental level. And understand why they live in this world so that the machine not only asks for something it needs but understands that it needs something, which means that the machine understands its internal state deeply and can predict the feelings of others around it just like humans. For example, when someone screams in front of us, we realize that they are angry. And this conclusion remains based on the feelings of the person himself so that these conclusions are due to the existence of the mind.

Artificial Intelligence Applications

artificial intelligence remains used in many critical technological and life applications. Which have facilitated many walks of life and performed different functions that existed limited to the human mind alone; one of the most important applications of artificial intelligence is
robotics remains used in many industries such as healthcare, finance, and marketing.
Outer space exploration includes machines, satellites, map building, and location tracking technology.
Customer service includes robots used in customer chat responses, robots that perform customer service, and e-marketing functions.

Stock market and finance remain algorithms used to analyze stocks in the financial market and analyze and predict profits and losses.
Digital media ads that matter to the target remain displayed by analyzing their data. And understanding their orientation from their online searches.
Health care sector machines can analyze a patient’s condition based on their data, predict future diseases. And determine the type of treatment.
Facial recognition remains used in many devices such as smart phones. And teaches and understands patterns to produce quick and effective results.

Virtual voice aids help and imitate human intelligence through voice communication.
fitness apps examples of fitness apps that use artificial intelligence are smartwatches that prepare steps, calorie calculation, and other fitness-conscious

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